Cannot start ASM – ORA-15063: ASM discovered an insufficient number of disks for diskgroup “DATA”

Today, I faced and issue with an ASM instance. After bouncing the server, CRS went up along with the ASM instance, but the diskgroups were offline.
$ crsctl status resource -t
——————————————————————————–
NAME           TARGET  STATE        SERVER                   STATE_DETAILS
——————————————————————————–
Local Resources
——————————————————————————–
ora.DATA.dg
               ONLINE  OFFLINE      hosta
ora.FRA.dg
               ONLINE  OFFLINE      hosta
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       hosta
ora.LISTENER_1.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       hosta
ora.asm
               ONLINE  ONLINE       hosta                 Started
ora.ons
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      hosta
——————————————————————————–
Cluster Resources
——————————————————————————–
ora.cssd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       hosta
ora.diskmon
      1        OFFLINE OFFLINE
ora.evmd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       hosta
ora.database.db
      1        ONLINE  OFFLINE                               Instance Shutdown
ora.database1.db
      1        OFFLINE OFFLINE                               Instance Shutdown
I tried to start ora.DATA.dg resource, but it failed.

$ crsctl start resource ora.DATA.dg
CRS-2672: Attempting to start ‘ora.DATA.dg’ on ‘hosta’
CRS-5017: The resource action “ora.DATA.dg start” encountered the following error:
ORA-15032: not all alterations performed
ORA-15017: diskgroup “DATA” cannot be mounted
ORA-15063: ASM discovered an insufficient number of disks for diskgroup “DATA”
. For details refer to “(:CLSN00107:)” in “/u01/oracle/grid/log/hosta/agent/ohasd/oraagent_oracle/oraagent_oracle.log”.
CRS-2674: Start of ‘ora.DATA.dg’ on ‘hosta’ failed
CRS-2679: Attempting to clean ‘ora.DATA.dg’ on ‘hosta’
CRS-2681: Clean of ‘ora.DATA.dg’ on ‘hosta’ succeeded
CRS-4000: Command Start failed, or completed with errors.
After checking the RAW devices on the host, everything appeared to be properly configured. Then I checked the configuration of the ASM instance, finding the ASM_DISKSTRING empty.
$ crsctl stat resource ora.asm -f
NAME=ora.asm
TYPE=ora.asm.type
STATE=OFFLINE
TARGET=OFFLINE
ACL=owner:oracle:rwx,pgrp:oinstall:rwx,other::r–
ACTION_FAILURE_TEMPLATE=
ACTION_SCRIPT=
AGENT_FILENAME=%CRS_HOME%/bin/oraagent%CRS_EXE_SUFFIX%
ALIAS_NAME=
ASM_DISKSTRING=
AUTO_START=restore
CHECK_INTERVAL=1
CHECK_TIMEOUT=30
CREATION_SEED=11
DEFAULT_TEMPLATE=PROPERTY(RESOURCE_CLASS=asm) ELEMENT(INSTANCE_NAME= %GEN_USR_ORA_INST_NAME%)
DEGREE=1
DESCRIPTION=Oracle ASM resource
ENABLED=1
GEN_USR_ORA_INST_NAME=+ASM
ID=ora.asm
LOAD=1
LOGGING_LEVEL=1
NLS_LANG=
NOT_RESTARTING_TEMPLATE=
OFFLINE_CHECK_INTERVAL=0
PROFILE_CHANGE_TEMPLATE=
RESTART_ATTEMPTS=5
SCRIPT_TIMEOUT=60
SPFILE=+DATA/asm/asmparameterfile/registry.123.785123625
START_DEPENDENCIES=hard(ora.cssd) weak(ora.LISTENER.lsnr)
START_TIMEOUT=900
STATE_CHANGE_TEMPLATE=
STOP_DEPENDENCIES=hard(ora.cssd)
STOP_TIMEOUT=600
TYPE_VERSION=1.2
UPTIME_THRESHOLD=1d
USR_ORA_ENV=
USR_ORA_INST_NAME=+ASM
USR_ORA_OPEN_MODE=mount
USR_ORA_OPI=false
USR_ORA_STOP_MODE=immediate
VERSION=11.2.0.3.0
I updated ASM_DISKSTRING with the discovery path of the disks and then bounced ASM instance.
$ srvctl modify asm -d ‘/dev/sd*’
$ srvctl stop asm
$ srvctl start asm
After this the ASM instance came up cleanly and the diskgroups were mounted.

$ crsctl status resource -t
——————————————————————————–
NAME           TARGET  STATE        SERVER                   STATE_DETAILS
——————————————————————————–
Local Resources
——————————————————————————–
ora.DATA.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE      hosta
ora.FRA.dg
               ONLINE  ONLINE      hosta
ora.LISTENER.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       hosta
ora.LISTENER_1.lsnr
               ONLINE  ONLINE       hosta
ora.asm
               ONLINE  ONLINE       hosta                 Started
ora.ons
               OFFLINE OFFLINE      hosta
——————————————————————————–
Cluster Resources
——————————————————————————–
ora.cssd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       hosta
ora.diskmon
      1        OFFLINE OFFLINE
ora.evmd
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       hosta
ora.database.db
      1        ONLINE  ONLINE                               Open
ora.database1.db
      1        OFFLINE ONLINE                               Open
Hope this help you to troubleshoot and fix the issue on your ASM, when is not able to find the disks.

Thanks,

Alfredo

One thought on “Cannot start ASM – ORA-15063: ASM discovered an insufficient number of disks for diskgroup “DATA””

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *